Countries and their Flags

Countries and Flags in Asia                                                                                      

Flags are the identity of a country on an international platform. They carry a hidden meaning behind their design. Some flags depict their country's freedom struggle and dark past, for some they depict their rich culture and history, whereas for some it denotes their national principles.

Here are flags of some of the Asian countries and the awesome symbolism they depict in their designs.

India :- 

Indian flag is also called ‘Tiranga’ or tricolor. It has 3 bands of saffron, white and green. On the green band there is a navy blue wheel called the Ashoka Chakra.

The colors have their own significance
  • Saffron - stands for courage and sacrifice
  • White - stands for truth and peace
  • Green - stands for chivalry and faith
  • Ashoka Chakra - symbolizes eternal wheel of law

China :-

It is also known as the Five-Star Red Flag. It is a red field charged with 5 stars. The design consists of one large star with 5 stars arranged in semi-circle around it.

  • The red background symbolizes revolution.
  • The stars and their arrangement represents the unity of Chinese people under the leadership of  Communist Party of China.
  • The orientation shows that the unity should go towards the center.
  • The larger symbolizes the Communist Party of China.
  • The 4 smaller stars symbolize the 4 social classes namely the peasants, the working class, the urban lower middle class and the national bourgeoisie.

South Korea :-

The flag of South Korea is also known as Taegukgi meaning the 'Supreme Ultimate Flag'. The flag basically has 3 parts : the white background, a red and blue taeguk at the center and 4 black trigrams
one at each corner.

  • White is a traditional color in Korean culture and stands for peace and purity.
  • The circle in the center is derived from the philosophy of um-yang(yin-yang in Chinese) and represents balance in the universe. 
  • The red half represents the positive cosmic forces while the blue half represents the negative or opposing cosmic forces.
  • The trigrams represent movement and harmony of fundamental principles i.e. justice, fruition, wisdom and vitality.     

Sri Lanka :-

This is also called the Lion Flag or Sinha Flag. 
  • The Lion represents the bravery of Sinhalese people.
  • The four BO leaves represent the 4 concepts of Buddhism Metta, Karuna, Upekkha and Mudita.
  • The stripes represent the minority groups. The saffron represents Tamils and the green represents Muslims.
  • The maroon background represents the Sinhalese majority.
  • The gold background around the flag represents the unity of Sri Lankans.

Nepal :-

The national flag of Nepal is the only non-quadrilateral national flag in the world. It is a simple combination of single pennons. It has a crimson red background with a blue border. The symbols on the flag are sun and moon.
  • The crimson red color represents the bravery of the Nepalese and is also their national color. 
  • The blue represents peace and harmony.
  • The inclusion of celestial bodies indicates the permanence and hope that Nepal will have same longevity as the sun and the moon. 

Cambodia :-

This Cambodia flag was originally adopted in 1948. There were many changes in the flag design in the following years. But then in 1993 the original 1948 design was readopted. The flag is only among the 4 national flags(Afghanistan, Spain and Portugal being the others) to feature a building.
  • Red and blue are traditional colors of Cambodia and represent liberty, cooperation, brotherhood and bravery.
  • The building in the center is the Great Angkor Wat temple which signifies integrity, justice and heritage.

Kyrgyzstan :-

It is a red field charged with a sun, at the center of which is a yurt, a traditional Kyrgyz hut. The colors carry political, cultural and regional meanings.
  • The red field stands for bravery and valor and alludes to the purported emblem hoisted by Manas, the national hero of Kyrgyzstan.
  • The sun symbolizes peace and prosperity and its 40 rays stand for the number of tribes united by Manas to fight against the Mongols.
  • The center of sun features a illustration of roof atop a yurt. It symbolizes origin of life, the unity of time and space and peoples hearth and home and their history.   

Uzbekistan :-

The flag of Uzbekistan has 3 horizontal stripes of blue white and green separated by 2 red fimbriations. In the blue band is a crescent moon with 12 stars at the canton.

  • White as for all countries stands for peace and purity.
  • Blue stands for sky and water.
  • Green represents nature and fertility.
  • The crescent moon represents the rebirth of Uzbekistan as a independent country.
  • The 12 stars represent 12 months of the Islamic calendar year.

Mongolia :-

It has 3 vertical bands of alternating red, blue and red colors. There is a symbol Soyombo(the national symbol) at the center of the first red band.

  • The center blue band represents eternal blue sky.
  • The side red bands represent the ability of Mongolia ti thrive in its harsh environment.
  • The Soyombo is a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometrical figures which represent fire,water,sun, moon, earth and Taijitu(yin-yang) symbol.

Kazakhstan :-

The gold and blue colors of the flag are adopted from the former Soviet Flag. It represents art and culture of Kazakh people.
  • The blue background of the flag represents peace, freedom, culture and ethnic unity of the Kazakh people.
  • Sun represents the source of life and energy and also wealth and abundance.
  • The rays are the symbol of Steppe's grain,which is the basis of abundance and prosperity.
  • The eagle stands for power and independence and also represents the flight into the future.

References :-
Wikipedia, world atlas

Also See :-
10 European countries with most beautiful flags


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